Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Prevention and Treatment of Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome
Sports enthusiasts can help prevent tarsal tunnel syndrome by warming up before strenuous activity and keeping their feet and lower leg muscles flexible and strong by participating regularly in flexibility and strength-training programs. They should also avoid overuse and repetitive stress by resting the feet as much as possible between workouts.
IPFH suggests reducing stress on the tarsal tunnel and helping ensure that your feet are optimally protected by wearing properly selected and fitted, as part of an integrated approach, padded socks with shoes with non-slip outsoles and any inserts or orthotics prescribed or recommended by a doctor or foot health professional. Tying shoes correctly and not too tightly also can relieve stress on the tarsal tunnel.
Treatment depends on the cause of the syndrome and the severity of symptoms. Sometimes the nerve recovers on its own. Conservative strategies--rest, ice, anti-inflammatories, immobilization, orthotics, physical therapy--may be tried in mild or moderate cases. For severe cases, surgery may be required to enlarge the tarsal tunnel and reduce pressure on the tibial nerve.